Nabard Grade A & B 2017 Exam Mcq Study Material On Paper 2 Agriculture By Das Sir

1. The technique first described to determine the incipient spoilage in meat was
A.homogenate extract volume (HEV)
B.agar Plate Count (APC)
C.extract Release Volume (ERV)
D.none of the above
Answer: Option C
2. Which of the following is responsible for a musty or earthy flavor?
C.both (a) and (b)
D.Pseudomonas syncyanea
Answer: Option A
3. Molds causing spoilage of eggs include species of
D.all of these
Answer: Option D
4. Vacuum packaged meats are spoiled by
C.Both (a) and (b)
D.none of these
Answer: Option C
5. More spoilage of eggs is caused by
A.bacteria than molds
B.molds than bacteria
D.none of these
Answer: Option A
6. The growth of Streptomyces on straw or elsewhere near the egg may produce
A.musty or earthy flavors
B.hay odour
C.fishy flavor
D.cabbage-water flavor
Answer & Explanation
Answer: Option A
7. Unopened, sliced bacon, packaged in material somewhat highly resistant to oxygen permeability, is spoiled mostly by
C.fecal Streptococci
Answer & Explanation
Answer: Option A
8. Pink rots in eggs is caused by the strains of
B.Pseudomonas fluorescens
C.species of Micrococcus or Bacillus
D.none of the above
Answer & Explanation
Answer: Option A
9. Beef hams are made spongy by species of
C.Pseudomonas Bacillus
Answer & Explanation
Answer: Option B
10. The red color of meat, called its bloom, may be changed to shades of green, brown or grey as a result of production of oxidizing compounds by bacteria. Which of the following species are reported to cause the greening of sausage?
C.Both (a) and (b)
Answer: Option C
11. Yellow discolorations in meat are caused by bacteria with yellow pigments, usually species of
C.both (a) and (b)
D.Pseudomonas syncyanea
Answer: Option C
12. Which of the following (s) is/are responsible for the green patches on the surface of meats under aerobic conditions?
A.P. expansum
B.P. asperulum
C.P. oxalicum
D.All of these
Answer: Option D
13. Which of the following microorganisms grow in beef at a temperature of 15°C and above?
C.Both (a) and (b)
Answer: Option C
14. Green rots in eggs is chiefly caused by
A.Pseudomonas fluorescens
B.Micrococcus or Bacillus species
C.Molds or yeasts
D.all of the above
Answer: Option A
15. Black rots in eggs is most commonly caused by
A.species of Proteus
B.species of Micrococcus or Bacillus
C.molds or yeasts
D.all of these
Answer: Option A

16. Jute cultivation in India is concentrated in the delta area of which of the following rivers?
a. Ganga
b. Mahanadi
c. Brahamputra
d. Godavari
Answer (a).

17. Which of the following is the largest irrigation canal in India?
a. Buckingham Canal
b. Sirhind Canal
c. Indira Gandhi Canal
d. Sutlej Yamuna Link Canal
Answer (c).
18. Which one of the following is the correct sequence in the decreasing order of production (in million tonnes) of the given foodgrains in India?
a. Wheat - Rice - Pulses - Coarse cereals
b. Rice - Wheat - Pulses - Coarse cereals
c. Wheat - Rice - Coarse cereals - Pulses
d. Rice - Wheat - Coarse cereals - Pulses
Answer (d). For 2011-12, the production for rice, wheat, coarse cereals and pulses has been 105.31, 94.88, 42.04 and 17.09 million tonnes respectively.
19. The eyes of potato are useful for
a. Nutrition
b. Respiration
c. Vegetative Propagation
d. Protection from predators
Answer (c).
20. What is Slash and Burn Agriculture?
a. method of sugarcane cultivation
b. process of deforestation
c. agriculture without irrigation
d. jhum cultivation
Answer (d).
21. Rotation of crops means
a. growing of different crops in the same area in sequential seasons.
b. shifting of area of same crops.
c. growing two or more crops simultaneously to increase productivity.
d. alternating crops with fruits over a period of years.
Answer (a).
22. The nitrogen present in the atmosphere is
a. of no use to plants
b. injurious to plants
c. directly utilized by plants
d. utilized through micro-organisms
Answer (d).
23. Which is the largest cotton growing State in India?
a. Maharashtra
b. Madhya Pradesh
c. Andhra Pradesh
d. Gujarat
Answer (d).
24. The variety of coffee largely grown in India is -
a. Old Chicks
b. Coorgs
c. Arabica
d. Kents
Answer (c).
25. Under which plan did the Government introduce an agricultural strategy which gave rise to Green Revolution?
a. Third Five-Year Plan (FYP)
b. Fourth FYP
c. Fifth FYP
d. Second FYP
Answer (b).
26. Laterite soil develops as a result of-
a. Deposits of alluvial
b. Deposition of loess
c. Leaching of sedimentary rocks
d. Wind-blown dust
Answer (c).
27. What kind of soil is treated with gypsum to make it suitable for cropping?
a. Aluvial
b. Acidic
c. Water-logged
d. Soil with excessive clay content
Answer (d).
28. The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2013 as the International Year of ____
a. Quinoa
b. Buckwheat
c. Rice
d. Jatropha
Answer (a).
29. Which one of the following is known as a pseudocereal?
a. Wheat
b. Quinoa
c. Horse gram
d. Barley
Answer (b).
30. Besides Rabi and Kharif, which is the third crop season in India?
a. Zaid
b. Barsati
c. Sharad
d. Jhum
Answer (a).
31. Kharif crops are harvested in -
a. June - July
b. October - November
c. May - June
d. March - April
Answer (b).
32. Coating urea with which of the following has been found to increase the yield of crops?
a. Lime
b. Ash
c. Neem oil
d. Eucalyptus oil
Answer (c).

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Syllabus of the Written Examination Papers:-

Paper I: General Ability and Intelligence
The objective type questions with multiple choices in this paper will broadly cover The following areas:
1. General Mental Ability: The questions will be designed to test the logical reasoning, quantitative aptitude including numerical ability, and data interpretation.



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2. General Science: The questions will be set to test general awareness, scientific temper,Comprehension and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday Observation including new areas of importance likes Information Technology, Biotechnology, Environmental Science.


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3. Current Events of National and International Importance: The questions will test the candidates’ awareness of current events of national and international importance in the broad areas of culture, music, arts, literature, Sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, industry, business, Globalisation, and interplay among nations.


4. Indian Polity and Economy: The questions shall aim to test candidates’ knowledge of     the Country’s political System and the Constitution of India, social systems and public administration, economic development in India, regional and international security issues and human rights including its indicators.


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5. History of India: The questions will broadly cover the subject in its social, economic and political spects. This shall also include the areas of growth of nationalism and freedom movement.


A Comprehensive History of Medieval India : From Twelfth to the Mid-Eighteenth Century

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6. Indian and World Geography: The questions shall cover the physical, social and economic aspects of Geography pertaining to India and the World.


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Paper II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension
Part-A – Essay questions which are to be answered in long narrative form either In Hindi or English totaling 80 Marks. The indicative topics are modern Indian history especially of the freedom struggle, geography, polity and economy, Knowledge of security and human rights issues, and analytical ability.
Part-B – Comprehension, précis writing, other communications/language skills – to be attempted in English only (Marks 120) – The topics are Comprehension Passages, précis writing, developing counter arguments, simple grammar and Other aspects of language testing.

We'll have more than 100 days for CAPF 2017........

And I'll try our best to divide this time period and make sure that you do well in the upcoming exam.

I'll call it the 100 days strategy......

Paper 1

1. History - 25-30 questions

2 Geography- 25-30 questions

3 Polity- 10-15 questions

4. Economic- 10-15 questions

5. Current Affairs and Science portion- 25-30 questions

6. Mathematics and Reasoning- 20 questions....

and secondly Paper 2 should also be done simultaneously.........

This strategy is specifically for people who are already on a particular level, who are not beginners. 

Believe me, it's not at all tough to prepare well for this exam in 3 months, but it requires a lot of commitment.

Our target should be 

1. Paper 1- minimum 65 questions right after negative.
This is not the cutoff, but this is the supersafe cutoff and no matter, how others perform, with this score, you'll be amongst the toppers.

2. Paper 2- Attempt the whole paper well, worst score of 80 marks.....easily gettable.
Come on Guys, this target is very gettable........

Now just think of this as
1. You do history well and get 18 questions right
2. Geography gives you another 17
3. Polity -7
4. Economics- 6
5 Current and Science - 12
6. Maths- 15 all these are after negative......
your total is 75, a few mistakes here and there, you still have 65 questions net. Not a tough job, believe me, with the right kind of preparation......
do whatever I'll be writing here and I can assure that success will be yours.........
I can make the strategy, you'll have to implement it.
Are you ready to hand over yourself to me ??? Do as I say, success will follow.........
Starting with history today.......

the whole of history is to be completed in 20 days, we have to move fast, time is less........

1. Ancient - allot 5 days to it........

What all is to be done ?
----- Starting with Ancient India, with the advent of human life on earth........
PMNC- Paleolithic, mesolithic, neolithic, chalcolithic ages........
developments that happened during these time frames.....
------Indus Valley Civilisation
-------Coming of the Aryans to Sapt Sindhu Region
-------Dynasties that came and went
-------Jainism and Buddhism
-------Art Culture during this time period, who wrote what book.....
-------Coinage, who issued which all coins
-------Important wars fought
-------foreign travellers,
--------foreign invaders who came and conquered......
It is said that Ancient History belong to the HIndus, Medieval to the Muslims and Modern to the Christians..........

The demarcation between Ancient and Medieval is the coming of Arabs to India.....
Believe me, 90% or more will come from standard text books of history......
And you can complete the entire syllabus, provided that you are committed.......

Paper 2

Again break up the paper......
Remember one fact, if your Paper 1 preparation is good, and you read Hindu daily, then Paper 2 will not require any extra effort........


Cut-off marks (Out of 250) of Paper-I
 Category Marks
 General 115
 OBC 114
 SC 101
 ST 101
Cut-off marks (Out of 450) of Written qualified
Subject to 30% (60 Marks) minimum qualifying marks in paper‐II
 Category Marks
 SC 180
 ST 174

Tips for cracking each section


Reasoning is a test of observing our mental and problem solving ability. Reasoning is not like numerical skill where you learn some formula and solve question by applying that formula.Understand the question before solving it. Don’t take much time for single question.You have to be very careful while answering these questions.Practice similar questions from previous model papers or previous year’s exam papers are the key to do well in this section.The most important questions from this section are on the topics such as Seating Arrangements, Syllogism, Coding-Decoding, Directions, Blood Relations, Analogy, Classification, Series problems, Missing Characters, Odd Man out, Ranking Test, Data sufficiency, Assumptions and Directions. Non-Verbal is the toughest of all.

Which questions you have to attempt first –

It’s better to attempt first those questions on which you are very confident and you can attempt in a minimum time.Please do not start with Seating Arrangement/ Puzzle type’s questions because once you stuck in these questions, you will lose your valuable time.

Numerical Ability

This section contains the basic mathematical questions. Before exercising such questions, it is better to go through the basic mathematical formulae and learn some short cuts to solve the questions in lesser time. In this section, the questions act as Calculation Instruments. This section is extremely scoring and the right understanding of the problem can help the aspirants to sail through this section. The most important questions from this section are on the topics such as Number Systems, Fractions, Ratio and Proportion, Time & Work, Percentage, Profit & Loss, Problems on Ages,Simple Interest & Compound Interest, Average, Time & Distance, Mensuration, Partnership and Data Interpretation.

Data Analysis and Interpretation contains Pie charts, Bar Diagrams and graphs. It is one of the time consuming concept.So it’s better to do at least five questions of this type a day to speed up your calculations.

Don’t try guesses in this section,Speed up your calculation and Learn Square up to 30 and multiplication tables up to 20 are some key points to score well in this section.

General Awareness :

 This section acquires more importance because this is the only section which can be attempted quickly and at the same time, very high marks can be scored in this section. The most important questions from this section are on the topics such as Banking Knowledge,Current Affairs, Oscar Awards, Organizations and Headquarters, Important Days, Famous Persons and their Roles, Award Winners, Books and Authors Games and Cups and Abbreviations.

Apart from this study material, few tips:

    Listen and read National news on daily basis.

    Go through the General Awareness books such as Competition Master, Competition Success Review or Pratiyogita Darpan on monthly basis.

    Study the last budget passed by the Central Government.

    Aware of all changes around the world 6-7 months before the date of the Exam.

    Daily interaction with computer will give you guys an additional advantage while attempting the questions of Professional Knowledge Section.

Some Key Points to crack this Exam:

    Keep Practicing – Practice as much as you can do for sections such as Data Interpretation and Reasoning as it will take time to solve questions of these sections. You have to be quick in solving mathematical calculations.
    Get the detailed information about the syllabus – There will be two papers, first is Objective type test and second is Descriptive type test. You need to have a look at the sections and their topics of both these papers so that you can start your preparation well
    Focus on each section – The selection process is based on the score of your exam in each section. Keep in mind that you have to clear the cut off marks of each of the sections.
    Get an idea of questions from previous year’s papers – Practice from previous year’s question papers will give a clear idea about the difficulty level of questions and pattern of question paper.
    Last time Revisions – After you have finished your course, go for one more reading. This will help you in memorizing the facts properly. It will be better if you prepare short notes as well. This helps in revision at a later stage when time is less.

Time Management Tips Are As Follows

Practice with Stopwatch on your side: For any aspiring  candidate it is a must to keep a stopwatch by their side while preparing. Apart from the tenacity of the questions, what matters is that of the allotted time for solving those questions. One needs to practice so well in the paper so that he/she can answer most number of questions that too keeping the accuracy factor in mind. This also helps you to improve your time and boosts your confidence just before the examination.
Skip Questions that are troubling much: There are 160 questions in each of the paper, and if at any point it is felt by the candidate that a certain question is troubling them much, they should immediately move away from that particular question and try and solve other known ones. Rather than sticking to any particular question, it is advisable to move along.
Go through Practice sets and Mock Question Papers: Mock question papers and practice sets can help the candidates to prepare for the examination effectively. By solving these sets you could have an idea of how many questions you are solving on the given time and try to improve that by applying and innovating newer techniques for solving problems through constant practice.
Do not go for everything: You certainly didn’t want to get in trap of ‘getting everything’ under your belt. Thus, you should set a target for yourself while you are preparing for any paper and decide how many questions you are going to attempt with accuracy to be on top of anything. You should keep an eye on quality of your answers rather than the quantity as doing this you could also avoid negative markings which can take down your chances of getting through. 

Exam Preparation Tips:

Time Table: Candidates have to make time table for  Preparation. Time should be made as candidate’s ability.
Study Material:Check the latest syllabus and exam pattern.  paper always follow updated pattern. Candidates can prepare with book, reference book (guide), previous paper, Notes etc.
Preparation:Candidates always concentrate on exam preparation and study regularly with books and keep maintain notes for last time preparation. 
Believe in Yourself: Always believe in yourself and think about your aim to would be succeeded in the Exam. Try to don’t lose the self confidence.

Stress Management: Always keep your mind cool and stress free. Proper rest your mind after long study. Students should also listen sometime sweet music songs after long time study.

Time Management: Time Management is most important for  Exam.  Candidate’s gives proper time to study with books and other study materials like previous year papers, Notes, magazines etc.

Make Hand Notes: Regularly make notes for  Exam, so Candidates can easily understand and revise the previous topics.

Know your Strength and Weakness: Candidates should check their weakness and work hard to remove their weak point in study. Mange time to solve the hard and easy topics in your  syllabus.

Be Positive: Candidates should make positive thinking about the exam and their future result. Don’t be afraid the exam paper.

Take Advice to Expert: Candidates if you feel confused in any topic & question then to you should take an advice to your expert/teacher. Don’t waste time to solve these types of question.

You must dedicate 4- 5 hours of daily preparation and rather than making time schedule, you should list down the topics you should prepare per day. Little things like these tips will make your ride smoother:

Eat Light – Start your day with a light breakfast like cereal and fruit. Avoid greasy food to spare yourself the lethargy and drowsiness that they induce. Eating light will make your body feel lighter, letting you focus better

Short Study Hours, Strong Focus – If you cannot study for long hours, it is much better to sit for short hours, but with dedication! Promise yourself you’ll study well for those two hours.
Take Regular Breaks – It’s always better to give yourself a break after every hour or two, than cramming everything nonstop. Give your mind time to soak it all in

Take Time Out for Yourself – Constant studying makes your mind bored and unresponsive. So take time out to pamper yourself and let yourself unwind. A calm body and mind are the most receptive
Unwind – When you are on a timeout, unwind with a fun, creative activity! Simple things like cooking, painting, or even a walk in the park are good ways to let your hair down. You could even rock out to your favorite music.

Exercise – Take regular walks, go for runs or go gymming! Any kind of physical workout is a good break, for both your body and mind.

Set Targets – Set achievable targets for yourself, like studying 4 comprehensive topics in an hour, or 7-8 small topics in an hour. This will boost your speed as your mind will not feel over taxed.

Learn and Revise on the Go – Get your hands on a good book for your LIC AAO preparations. This will let you touch up whenever you have the free time, or just feel the need

Use Flashcards – This is another great tool that will let you revise anytime, anywhere and with ease! Make flashcards of important dates, event and keywords to keep your memory fresh.

Get Ample Sleep – I cannot stress the importance of sleeping enough! Make sure you are well rested so that your body doesn’t decide to rest at a time you need it the most!

Simple things like these will let you prep better for the exam! Some other simple things you should note is making sure you have your id and admit card, and carrying some snack and water to the exam venue.

Last Minute Tips

Don’t Overburden Yourself: It is important not to overburden yourself while preparing hard for the examination. There should be set hours for study for the candidates and there should be equal share of light hearted entertainment and physical outings necessary along with the studies. A healthy mind and body can become very important for your success and thus the candidates need to make their routine perfectly in tandem with the situation.

Keep a stopwatch by your side: If you are still wondering how you would manage your time and solve all the questions that you need to solve in the four hour time period, the only option you are left with is to keep a stopwatch by your side and practice regularly.

Spot your weak areas: It is very easy to go along well with your strong areas, but it is the best time to work on your weaker areas and give it your best shot. Try and point out all the major areas you are stumbling and try to remove the blockings through constant practice and able guidance.

Device your own methods and techniques: This is one such practice which allows the candidates to solve questions in innumerably less time and boost confidence in the candidates. They could take suggestions from the coaching classes or take inputs from the mock question papers or guidebooks from which they prepare. Finding a pattern for any question could turn out to be gold for the candidates.

Make your own boundaries: You cannot possibly answer each and every question correctly in the given time and thus you need to limit your lines. This could help the candidates immensely in the time of giving the examination and make it possible for them to make a count on their chances for getting through.

Sharpen your weapons: You need to make sure you keep your admit cards, necessary stationary equipment ready for the examination and get ready to go for the examination.

Prepare yourself mentally: The examinations are mental game and you need to be psychologically strong in order to succeed in any examination. You need to feel assured of yourself and believe in yourself that whatever preparations you have gone through could sail you through to the next round. This confidence alone could ease your way while going for the examination.

Keep your eyes open for anything new: A good listener and observer can always benefit from whatever is around them. The candidates need to be aware of the ongoing events in their surroundings and be active mentally and physically to stay fit. They should look for new words, sentence formation structures and passages that appear in newspapers, magazines and journals which could help them in the English Language paper. Along with this they should go through internet surfing to find out resources and online material available for helping them in the examinations.